Applied Behavior Analysis (A.B.A.), is a comprehensive strategy that dictates class structure and daily routine. It combines behavior management, systematic instruction, generalization and socialization to eliminate maladaptive behavior.
An intensive, individualized behavioral model which highlights the development and generalization of speech and language, social skills, functional academics, prevocational and daily living skills. Each child's strengths and weaknesses are evaluated to determine his/her personal needs. Complex behavior goals are broken down into simple elements which can be taught in repeated trials. This Discrete Trial Training (DTT) optimizes the opportunity for correct responses which are then met with consistent, positive reinforcements. DTT requires intensive data collection to identify needs and quantify progress. Sometimes referred to as behavioral intervention, "Discrete Trial Therapy" and "Lovaas Treatment".
Parent participation in both school and at home is recommended.
To guide children through a hierarchy of progressively more complex goals which enable greater social and academic independence
A.B.A. is rooted in the work of B.F. Skinner but blossomed in the 1960's with the work of Lovaas and others who demonstrated that A.B.A.is an effective way to help individuals with autism learn new skills, refine previously learned skills, and enjoy more independent and productive lives.
A.B.A is recommended for students deficient in basic attending skills (i.e.; eye contact, sitting behavior, time-on-task, etc.) who also demonstrate a serious language disorder that results in a lack of communicative speech.